Poland returns cows that swam from Belarus

Poland transported 240 cows back to Belarus Thursday when vets established the animals were in good health after swimming across the Bug River.

On Sunday at Janow Podlaski, in eastern Poland, border guards tried to herd the cows back across the river to Belarus but after their efforts failed they placed them in quarantine, Radio Polonia reported.

Radomir Banko, a Polish vet said the cows, all 14 to 18 months old, were "very good swimmers" and all in good health.

Banko said he believed the cows were attracted to cross the Bug by the sounds of cattle grazing on the Polish side of the river.
Source: United Press International, upi.com

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Poland, Denmark talk energy security ahead of Lahti

Warsaw - Energy security topped the agenda of Thursday talks in Warsaw between the Polish and Danish prime ministers ahead of the European Union's informal meeting of heads of state and government in Lahti, Finland.

'Energy security is one of the main issues at the summit,' Danish Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen told reporters in Warsaw after talks with Premier Jaroslaw Kaczynski a day before the EU parley.

The EU should focus energy policy on reducing dependence on fossil imports, set 'ambitious goals' for developing renewable energy sources, boosting energy conservation, develop its electricity grid and investing in research and development of new energy technologies, Rasmussen said.

He also underscored it was of the 'utmost importance' for the 25 member EU to speak with 'one voice' on energy policy.

Poland's Kaczyński warned the EU had to adopt policies to prevent what he termed the use of the 'energy weapon' against its members.

EU newcomer Poland is pushing a proposal for an energy security pact among EU states similar to NATO's 'one for all and all for one' strategy.

The idea was formulated on the heels of a temporary cut in Russian natural gas supplies to several EU states last winter. Gas shortages in Russia and contract dispute with Ukraine were among the reasons behind the cut.

European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso also addressed the issue of energy security with Premier Kaczynski during his visit to Warsaw last Friday.

Kaczynski and Rasmussen also focused on the 'hot' issue of the beleaguered draft European constitution.

Rasmussen voiced Denmark's support for the draft treaty torpedoed in separate referenda in France and The Netherlands. Kaczyński said any EU constitution should both increase the internal stability of the EU and empower the bloc on the world stage.

Rasmussen also stressed the principles of 'co-operation and compromise' lay at the foundations of the 25 member EU.

The Danish prime minister was on a whirl-wind visit to Warsaw Thursday for brief talks with Prime Minister Jaroslaw Kaczyński and his identical twin brother President Lech Kaczyński in prepartation for the EU's informal Lahti summit.


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Poland looking for alternatives to Russian gas

Poland is not planning to take part in the project to build the North European Gas Pipeline (NEGP) along the bottom of the Baltic Sea, as the cost of joining it will be EUR 3-4 bln, and will instead build a terminal to receive and store liquefied natural gas (LNG), Bogdan Borusewicz, speaker of the Polish Senate, said at a Thursday press conference in Moscow.

In answer to an Interfax question whether Poland was planning to join the NEGP project, Borusewicz said: "No. Costs [of joining NEGP] will be EUR 3-4 bln and we will need to build a plant to store LNG."
Poland, which is currently a major transit country for Russian gas exports to Europe, has voiced concern about the NEGP, which bypasses the country and could therefore lead to it being shut off from Russian gas supplies without affecting the rest of Europe. Borusewicz reiterated these concerns. One of the alternatives to Russian gas being studied is the construction of an LNG terminal with an estimated cost of EUR 400-500 mln.

"Russia can't stop supplying gas to Poland now, since many Western European countries could suffer from this, but when the North Gas Pipeline is built, then it could stop such supplies," Borusewicz said. "From the point of view of strategic interests, this isn't good for our situation. We will need to find alternative gas suppliers in such a situation."

The NEGP project is too expensive, Borusewicz said. Furthermore, if a branch is laid to Poland, nothing will prevent it from being switched off.

"But each connection has a valve that can be turned off," he said.

The Senate speaker also said he was concerned since the pipeline will be laid along the bottom of the Baltic Sea where a lot of chemical weapons were dumped during World War II.

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Prices, Supply and Demand on the Rise

The boom on the real estate market is continuing. New offices, residential buildings and housing developments are being built, accompanied by a steady increase in prices owing to a continuing shortage of new and modern space.

The fast-expanding market is attracting foreign investors. Warsaw, Wrocław, Cracow, Gdańsk and Sopot are becoming large construction sites as developers race to win a piece of the action. No one knows just how long the investment boom will last but estimates point to several years. The market for commercial property and land is attracting the greatest interest from investors.

Offices and shops still in demand
Interest from investment funds has contributed to a fast increase in the price of commercial properties. According to a WGN Real Estate report, the presence of funds from Austria, Germany, the United Kingdom, Spain, the United States, Luxembourg and Israel is particularly strong in Poland. Commercial properties also enjoy the confidence of Arka BZ WBK and Sektor Nieruchomości BPH.

The entrance of investment funds onto this market has also resulted in greater supply. Around 1 million square meters of office space will be built in Warsaw in the next three years. Demand for modern offices is growing steadily. The percentage of vacant space declined over a year from 10 percent to 8 percent. At the same time, office rental prices went up. In the center of Warsaw, 1 sq m of office space costs around 20 euros per month.

Market analysts point to the fast development of Wrocław as a city of modern offices with rental at half the price of Warsaw. Next year the city's office space will double to 180,000 sq m. Modern office space is also on the increase in other Polish cities.

Residential prices soar
Housing prices are climbing at an alarming rate, causing concern to people planning to buy a home. Developers and real estate agents, on the other hand, are rubbing their hands with delight. Mortgages are quite easily accessible, although borrowing costs are quite expensive compared to other EU countries. Demand is high and supply is also on the rise. This year, the price of housing in large cities has already risen by 25 percent on average.

Apartments in relatively new buildings and up to 75 sq m enjoy the greatest popularity on the market. The rising prices (in Warsaw, 1 sq m of residential space costs on average zl.6,000) have prompted decisions to buy. Real estate agents are busy signing sales contracts, properties stay on the market for no longer than a few days and developers are selling apartments in buildings that they have not even started to build.

Slightly older apartments continue to be in demand mainly because of their lower prices. Homes in buildings constructed of prefabricated concrete are not what people dream of but remain the only affordable option for many families. Interest in large, several-bedroom apartments in apartment blocks is the lowest as they are quite expensive and not very comfortable. Moreover, smaller apartments in a good location and of a higher standard fetch the same prices and are preferred by prospective buyers. However, these large apartments are quite often rented to groups of students who do not care about their standard.

Luxury apartments are very popular. They sell well not only in Warsaw but also in Cracow, Wrocław and Gdańsk and in both old and new buildings depending on the personal preferences of the buyers. However, the buying trend is quite strong and prices continue to climb. Several years ago, zl.16,000 per square meter in a luxury apartment in downtown Warsaw was really shocking. Now, no one is surprised by zl.20,000 or zl.30,000 per square meter in the best districts of Warsaw. Around zl.35,000 per square meter in an apartment on Krakowskie Przedmieście Street was recently reported as a record, but Cracow's Old Town has turned out to be even more expensive-a buyer there paid zl.40,000 per square meter.

There is a group of clients who are looking for something out of the ordinary. Developers have finally noticed this niche. The best example are lofts, spacious apartments built in former industrial workshops or warehouses with exposed brick walls, fragments of original fittings or structural pillars.

A total of 410 of such apartments will soon be completed in Łódź, in a building of one of Karol Scheibler's spinning mills. According to Australian investor Opal Property Developments, the first residents will move in at the end of 2008. The apartments will have 70-90 sq m although a few of them will be even larger-130 and 200 sq m. The rest of the former factory will be converted into a shopping complex.

Such apartments are popular with people with freelance occupations, especially artists. Prices are attractive ranging from zl.3,500 to zl.7,000 per square meter, however, one has to remember that this price is for the bare walls. Buyers will have to spend just as much giving the interiors their desired look.

Houses less sought after
It is easier to buy a house than sell one. Houses have not been affected by the price boom. It takes several months to sell a house whether in or outside a city. Prices are not excessive but still quite high. What discourages people from buying a house is mostly the cost of maintenance-heating, repairs and the need to build a new fence for example. Small one-story or two-story houses built in the last few years, with the use of modern materials, are in greatest demand. There are two trends visible in these transactions-selling an apartment in the city center and moving to the suburbs or selling a house to buy an apartment. Prices vary depending on location, standard and plot size. A small pleasant house may be purchased for zl.200,000-250,000, while a suburban residence with a swimming pool may fetch several million.

Buy land
The investment boom has also affected the price of land. New price records are being set and plots are easy to buy and sell. Many purchases are typically speculative with profits going in some cases into millions of zlotys over several months. The larger the city, the faster the growth in the market for commercial plots. In locations where construction activity is higher, plots are more expensive and change hands more often. It is difficult to say which plots represent the best investment. One thing is certain-the closer to the city center, the better. This year prices are going up fast with the most attractive plots recording a five-fold increase in prices.

European funds and investors, who are buying up plots in city centers almost wholesale, have joined the competition for profits from commercial sites. According to the WGN Real Estate report, an investor purchased five plots in downtown Wrocław, winning the last tender with a price of zl.4,435 per square meter.

Developers who build residential buildings are slightly more choosy. They are looking for land that is not necessarily located in the city center but complete with utilities and with the right to develop. Prices of residential plots have increased more than twofold this year to zl.150-500 per square meter. Plots for detached houses are much more expensive, which is mainly a result of their more favorable locations and smaller sizes. The plot's neighborhood, situation and local development plans are decisive factors in determining the price. On average, the prices of these plots range from zl.90 to zl.700 per square meter.

In principle, every investment made now in real estate will return a profit or will mean major savings in the future. Prices are growing and will continue to rise. At present the average price for an apartment in Warsaw is zl.6,000 per square meter. In a few weeks it will probably be higher. When asked about the upper price limit, real estate agents only shrug their shoulders. One thing is certain-they will not be surprised if the average apartment price reaches zl.10,000 per square meter by the end of the year. This means more work and more money for them. As long as buyers are ready to pay, prices will continue to climb.
Source: By Konrad Bagiński, warsawvoice.p

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Japanese investment in Poland reaches new level

2005 saw over two dozen massive Japanese investments. Observers say that Japanese ventures this year could double in this country.

Global giants Toyota, Sharp, Toshiba and Bridgestone are just a few of the Japanese companies planning to increase their investments in Poland. They are focusing on Special Economic Zones in the central and southern regions of the country. These SEZ’s offer tax and land purchasing incentives for foreign companies. Last year Japanese conglomerates invested close to 300 million dollars. They intend to invest three times more this year. Investment analyst Jan Fior from the Adam Smith Institute thinks that a domino effect of successive Japanese companies following each other to Poland has yet to reach its peak.

“Poland is a good place for them due to two reasons: First that we belong to the European Union, before that Japanese investors weren’t interested in investing in Poland. Secondly, we have a lot of engineers, plenty of well educated people in high tech and especially in the IT sector, willing, able and ready to work for global companies.”

The central city of Łódź has managed to attract Japanese investors to SEZ’s in the region. Blazej Moder from the Lodz SEZ says that his office has even created a Japanese language website designed to catch the attention of potential Japanese investors.

“We see the global trend of globalization of bog investments from Asia and Japan that’s why we prepared our website in Japanese. So far we have one Japanese investment. It is a company called Fuji Film project. They have a new plant of printing labels and assembling machines. It is a quite fresh and new investment in October this year. Fuji Film has employed close to 150 people and they are trying to extend their activity in the zone.”

Investment analysts suggest that Poland is ripe for Japanese investment and that Warsaw has a competitive edge over Tokyo.

“The Polish market is already flooded with Japanese products. Cars, computer laptops, notebooks, 60% are Japanese related. The Japanese interest in the Polish is already big and will get bigger. But some of those products could be made in Poland under Japanese brands. We can compete with the Japanese because in high tech we are more original, more creative than the Japanese.”

Several Japanese auto manufacturers are also interested in the special economic zone in Lodz. Planned investments could reach close to 25 million euro.
Source:By Bogdan Zaryn, polskieradio.pl

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RPC Expands In Poland

RPC Bebo has further strengthened its operations in Poland with the acquisition of 4 You Sigal, manufacturers of thermoformed pots and trays for the fresh meat and fish, ready meals and confectionery markets.

In particular, the acquisition has extended RPC Bebo Polska's capabilities in MAP packaging, with a wider range of products now available for customers, as well as opening up new opportunities in the confectionery sector.
4 You Sigal has built a successful position in the food packaging sector in Poland, supplying a wide range of local confectionery and fresh food businesses, including Lu Polska, Mieszko. Viando and Perim. The company will now operate as part of RPC Bebo Polska's Poznan business, and its two sales managers will join the RPC Bebo Polska sales team, with the key responsibility of targeting and developing both existing and new customers in MAP and confectionery.

More follows..

"This is an important acquisition for RPC Bebo Polska and underlines the importance the Group attaches to continuing to expand our presence in Poland," comments Krzysztof Banach, General Manager, RPC Bebo Polska.

"4 You Sigal has established a quality reputation in several key market sectors and we will be using the extensive resources of the RPC Group to capitalise on this success. Poland is an important and growing market and RPC Bebo Polska offers a comprehensive range of products, combined with in-depth market knowledge, to meet a wide variety of customer requirements."

RPC Bebo has further strengthened its operations in Poland with the acquisition of 4 You Sigal, manufacturers of thermoformed pots and trays for the fresh meat and fish, ready meals and confectionery markets - http://www.packagingessentials.be/nprn/rpc/polishacquisition.jpg

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Foreign Real Estate Funds in Poland

Investment in real estate has always been and will continue to be one of the more attractive forms of investing capital. This is linked to the fact that real estate is still perceived as one of the most secure and profitable forms of investment. This concerns in particular the market of commercial properties in Central and Eastern Europe, including Poland.

One of the reasons behind increased interest of foreign investors in the Polish real estate market is the country's recent EU accession, which accelerated the process of bringing Polish real estate prices up to European levels. The growth in real estate prices guarantees a high rate of return on invested capital.

Another important factor making investment in real estate in Poland attractive is that taxes on investment income generated by properties are relatively low compared to tax burdens in the investors' countries of origin. Moreover, a decisive factor for optimizing tax burdens on property-generated income are the provisions of double taxation treaties signed by Poland. Under these agreements, income of this type is taxable only in the country where the property is located. In the investor's country of origin, income generated in the country where the property is located-in this case in Poland-is usually exempt from tax. These factors have made the Polish real estate market attractive for foreign investors who invest their capital indirectly, through a foreign investment fund, in properties in Poland.

After collecting an appropriate amount of capital, a foreign investment fund invests a major part of the money in a specific commercial property in Poland. This is usually done through the acquisition of an existing special-purpose entity.

In most cases, the concept of an investment fund is based on the structure illustrated by diagram 1.

From the legal point of view, a property located in Poland is owned by a Polish partnership. In practice, before becoming part of a fund's structure, special purpose entities operate as corporations, in most cases as limited-liability companies. In the process of the fund's establishment, they are transformed into commercial partnerships, in most cases unlimited or limited-liability partnerships.

An overwhelming majority of shares in the special-purpose entity are purchased by a foreign investment fund, which also operates as a partnership under the law of the country where it has headquarters.

Established in this way, the investment fund collects money from individual foreign investors in exchange for share certificates. Of course, until the fund attracts a specific number of individual investors its own capital is financed by a short-term bank loan.

In most cases there is an additional player, an investor's trustee, operating between the individual investor and the investment fund. The trustee is a corporation which manages shares in the fund in its own name but on behalf of the investor. This solution makes it possible to avoid the need of entering each investor as a shareholder in the fund (partnership) into a commercial register in the country where the fund is headquartered. An appropriate register is kept by the trustee. The trustee acts as a shareholder in the fund (partnership) in external dealings. In internal relations, investors have the same rights as "direct" partners in a partnership. Trusteeship relations are governed by a trust deed.

An individual investor can also participate in a fund directly, without a trustee. However, indirect participation in the fund, through a trustee, considerably simplifies tax payments in the country where the property is located. Additionally, trusteeship is also designed to free the individual investor from liability towards creditors of the fund (partnership).

The basic source of a foreign real estate fund's income is rental income generated in Poland by the special-purpose entity from renting commercial space. Of course, from the legal point of view, this income is generated for the fund from its being a partner in a special-purpose entity. However, from the economic perspective, one can say that the fund's income, or rather the investors' income, is derived from renting properties in Poland.

The taxation of income generated through the fund and transferred to individual investors is based on two principles - tax transparency and trusteeship.

In the case of a partnership, the transparency principle means that, for income tax purposes, it is the partners rather than the partnership that are liable to pay tax on income generated by the partnership. In other words, the partnership is not a payer of income tax. If a corporation is a partner in a partnership it is liable to pay corporate income tax of 19 percent. Individuals who are partners in a partnership are taxpayers for income tax purposes. In Poland, an individual partner in a partnership, a resident or non-resident, has the right to choose a flat rate of 19 percent to pay tax on income derived from participation in the partnership. This income is treated as income from non-agricultural business activity. And if another partnership is a partner, then in line with the transparency principle one has to analyze the status of its partners to determine whether they are liable to income tax.

The principle of transparency in relation to partnerships has been introduced to most tax systems in the world, including Poland. However, there are exceptions. For example in Finland, Portugal and Spain partnerships are required to pay income tax.

The second principle applied in the structure of foreign real estate funds, trusteeship, combined with the principle of transparency, makes it possible to conceal the actual beneficiaries of income generated through the fund.

The main guidelines for taxing income generated by a real estate fund can be illustrated diagram 2.

Generally, income generated through the fund is taxable in Poland. The payers of this tax are partners in a Polish partnership (special-purpose entity) who can be required to pay income tax, that is legal entities and individuals. These taxpayers are taxed in Poland under limited tax liability, that is only on income derived from sources located in Poland.

Such income, after being taxed in Poland, is usually exempt from tax in the home country of the taxpayer (foreign legal entity, individual investor) under the principle of exemption with progression. Exemption with progression is one of the methods of avoiding double taxation provided for by most agreements signed by Poland with other countries.

In the case of individual investors who participate in a real estate fund through a trustee that is a foreign legal entity, income generated by the special-purpose company is treated as income derived by the trustee and is liable in Poland to corporate income tax (currently 19 percent). In the Polish tax system, the principle of transparency does not apply to trustees who are legal entities-the legal owner of shares in the fund must pay taxes rather than their economic owner. The situation is the reverse in the investor's country of residence. Trustees are not treated as taxpayers deriving income because they act on behalf of the investor, who is the actual beneficiary.
Source: By Dariusz Roszkowski tax adviser at Noerr Stiefenhofer Lutz (NSL)
Krzysztof Sajewski head of the real estate law department at NSL, warsawvoice.pl

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New routes to Poland and Sweden from Dublin

Ryanair is to begin two new routes early next year offering flights from Dublin to Warsaw and Stockholm.

The low-cost operator will begin flights to the two cities in February, bringing the total number of routes offered from the airport in Ireland by Ryanair to 71.

One-way tickets will start from €24, including fees and charges, and Ryanair is bullish about his route network from Dublin.

Michael Cawley, Ryanair’s deputy CEO, said: “There is plenty of room for all European airlines to grow from Dublin and Ryanair is growing fastest because passengers are voting with their feet in favour of the lowest fares.”


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TUC heads to Poland to help Poles with work advice

The TUC is today heading for Poland to encourage thousands of Polish workers attending a jobs fair in the capital to find out about UK employment law and union membership before they set off for our shores in search of work.

The TUC delegation is to attend the British Days Jobfair in Warsaw which is being run by Jobcentre Plus as part of the European Year of Workers’ Mobility. Thirty major UK employers including Tesco, First Group, and the Jurys Doyle and Macdonald hotel groups are set to be there to encourage Polish nationals to apply for vacancies that the firms currently have in the UK.

TUC Regional Secretary Nigel Costley and unionlearn press officer Wanda Wyporska plan to use the two-day jobs fair to advise Polish job seekers on how to survive working in the UK, and speak to the employers in attendance as to how they can get the best from their prospective Polish employees. The TUC will also be handing out leaflets in Polish about rights in the workplace including information on the minimum wage, working time and joining a union.

TUC General Secretary Brendan Barber said: "It’s vital that Poles and other migrant workers know their rights before they come to work in the UK. Otherwise they risk becoming sitting ducks for employers who delight in making money out of exploiting vulnerable workers.

"Hopefully the trip to Poland will help prevent more of the horror stories we sadly hear so much about, of workers being mistreated, paid illegal wages, made to work excessive hours, and having extortionate deductions made from their wages for the privilege of living in squalid accommodation.

"The TUC wants Polish workers to know how they can seek work confidently, safe in the knowledge that they are aware of their rights and know where to turn if things go wrong. We also want them to know that the best protection they can have against unscrupulous bosses is to join a trade union the moment they get here."

The Jobscentre Plus event is expecting over 10,000 visitors to the Jobsfair over the two-day event.

The TUC is also working with the Polish trade union Solidarnosc to develop online employment rights information aimed at those who are contemplating a job-related move to the UK or who are already employed here. Last year, Tomasz Laskowski, a young trade union organiser from Solidarnosc came to the UK for three months to help UK unions recruit Polish migrant workers.


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UK outspends Germany on consumer goods

The UK is a shopkeeper's paradise and a creditor's hell while Germany is just the opposite, according to a survey of 7000 shoppers across Europe that suggests spending money and accepting risk go hand in hand.

The average Briton spent €6,678 on consumer goods last year, one fifth more than a German, a study by German retailer Metro claims, noting the British are the only ones in the seven-nation sample to spend more than they earn.

But the British do not seem to mind. Only 29 percent of UK residents polled said they "could no longer sleep peacefully" when they had debts; in Germany, 52 percent admitted to traces of insomnia at the though of creditors.

While one in ten Germans, French and Italians, and one in five Poles, Hungarians and Spaniards said they "sometimes lived above [their] means", one in three of the thousand British consumers questioned admitted to this sin.

One man's failing might be his country's strength. With Hungary, Spain and Poland, the UK was one of four sampled countries whose economy grew more than 10 percent since 2000 – thanks in part to consumer spending.

Hans-Joachim Körber, chief executive of Europe's second largest retailer, said Europe still had a long way to go to match US consumption and its economic effects. US non-durables consumption nudged E7,000 per head late 2005.

A strong UK economy means Europe's champions in supermarket spending are the least worried about having to tighten their belts any time soon – only 29 percent of Britons claim to be worried about this, half the rate in Spain.

Fully one third of Britons think their country is in good economic shape, compared with twenty percent of Germans – UK salaries have grown 14,5 percent in real terms in the last five years, in Germany only 2.7 percent.

Germans save up to 12 percent of household income, with nine in ten citing "unforeseeable events" and eight in ten citing "old-age pensions" as reasons to do so. By contrast, only one in two Britons worries about the unknown.

Not that the Germans are miserable. 69 percent are "satisfied with life at present", putting them 11 points ahead of the UK and at top spot. They are also the most satisfied with the selection of goods in their local shops.

Germans pay ten percent less for these than other Europeans – only Poland and Hungary are cheaper according to the Metro survey – a fact they should be well aware of as a record 55 percent always compare prices.


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Poland's MPs amend law to allow UniCredit merger

Poland's lower house of parliament on Wednesday approved legislation to allow Italian bank UniCredit to go ahead with the planned merger of its two Polish lenders.

The changes to banking law, which have been criticised by the central bank and the opposition, still need to be approved by the Senate and signed by the president to come into force.

Poland's condition was that UniCredit split up BPH and sell nearly half of its branches and the brand before the tie-up. This required changes in the banking law, which the government promised to implement by Oct. 19. The current regulations do not allow banks to be broken up.

Analysts have said that, due to political turmoil in Poland, the changes to the legislation may be delayed, forcing the Polish government to ask UniCredit to renegotiate the April compromise agreement to gain more time.

Poland's Senate meets on Wednesday and Thursday.

The Polish central bank has criticised the changes that would allow spin-offs of local lenders, saying they could threaten the industry's stability and weaken its supervision.

"The changes might have a deep negative impact on the state budget, pose risk of uncontrollable changes in the banking system and ... in extreme cases might threaten its stability," Deputy Central Bank Governor Jerzy Pruski told legislators.

The main opposition party, the pro-business Civic Platform, argued that after the changes foreign banks could easily move the headquarters of Polish banks abroad and escape local supervision.

But analysts said the new regulations were unlikely to spark transfers of bank assets. Besides that, local regulators will be able to block any bank spin-off if it threatens stability.

"I would not expect any major moves just after the new law comes into force, because it simply doesn't make sense to leave Poland, where for example the corporate tax rate is relatively low," said Dariusz Gorski, an analyst at Deutsche Bank Securities.


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Poland at sea as German shipyards sail into profit

Dockyards in two former communist lands have taken opposing courses. Poland’s conservative government, whose leaders have their political roots in the Solidarity union, are determined not to let the industry die.

Three towering crosses in front of the gates to the Gdansk shipyard symbolise the free trade union uprising that helped to topple communist rule in Poland.

The Polish government is determined that the country's shipbuilding industry be more than a memorial to Lech Walesa and the Solidarity trade union. But unlike the German government, which pumped in capital to restructure uncompetitive shipyards in the former communist east, the Polish government has failed to modernise its industry and place it on a sound financial footing.

Employment at the Polish yards has plummeted from about 50,000 in 1990 to fewer than 16,000; Poland's share of the global shipbuilding market has dropped from 4 per cent to 1.6 per cent.

Shipbuilding, a mainstay of the communist-era economy and at the time one of the country's few export industries, has gone through tough times. Two of the three biggest yards, Gdansk and Szczecin, were put in private hands but renationalised after going bankrupt. The third, Gdynia, is groaning under debt of more than 800m zlotys ($257m, E202m, £136m).

Evidence of the lack of investment can be seen in the 8ha main construction building in Gdansk, where most work is still done by hand. Shortage of capital means the yards cannot expand production to take advantage of global demand. The Gdansk shipyard, which has the capacity to build 10 ships, is working on only four.

"While the shipbuilding business in the whole world is flourishing, in Poland it is in a crisis," says Andrzej Buczkowski, the Gdansk yard's general manager.

"This yard is producing too little and not the right product but it can be saved," he says. "We now have a seller's market that could still last a couple of years. If we use the next two years sensibly we could turn the yard around."

Poland's conservative government, whose leaders have their political roots in the Solidarity union, are determined not to let the industry die.

However, the European Commission is investigating state aid to Poland's three main shipyards, totalling E380m as well as an additional E1.3bn in export guarantees.

If the Commission rules that the aid must be repaid, Poland's shipbuilding sector could be sunk.

In order to give the Polish yards a fighting chance, the government has to persuade Brussels that it has a viable restructuring plan and that it can find private investors willing to inject capital.

That is exactly what Germany did and today a few hundred kilometres west of Gdansk, the gleaming Wismar dry dock of Aker Yards Germany is a monument to the successful reinvention of the East German shipbuilding industry.

When East Germany and West Germany were reunified 16 years ago the industry had the same problems as Gdansk. Overstaffed, unproductive, crippled by underinvestment and forced to halt work on Soviet orders because their clients' currency had becomes worthless, Wismar and East Germany's four other shipyards seemed destined for bankruptcy.

"In 1990 the East German yards had 60,000 people," says Thorsten Ludwig, a shipbuilding expert at Bremen University. "Today, only 19,000 are left. The restructuring was radical."

But it worked. Now in the hands of Norway's Aker Yards, Wismar and its sister facility in Warnemünde are solidly profitable. Although their headcount is down 10,000 to just 2,254, their combined output comfortably exceeds that of their communist days.

With strong demand for merchant vessels, the company's main problem is a shortage of top-level engineers.

Matthias Trott, a spokesman, is confident that the yards' E30m-a-year research and development budgets, their focus on quality, technology, and punctuality, can sustain the formidable competition from their cheaper Asian rivals.

"We build only container ships now. But the future lies in specialised vessels," he says, "gas tankers, tankers for chemicals or hazardous substances, patented ice-breaking cargo ships, etcetera."

The successful rebirth of East Germany's communist era shipyards was the result of a finely calibrated combination of laissez-faire capitalism and state intervention.

When it inherited the shipyards upon reunification, the German government decided that they would be privatised immediately but the restructuring would be financed by the state. Brussels imposed a strict cap on the shipyards' production capacities to limit in exchange for its approval of the plan. Of the DM575m ($367m, E289m, £230m) that poured into Warnemünde from 1992 to 1995, the bulk came from the state. Kvaerner, the site's first private owner, provided only DM100m. Between 1994 and its acquisition by Aker Yards in 1998, Wismar obtained DM605m ($376m, E310m, £235m) in federal funds.

"The capacity limitation was a problem," says Hendrik Redetzke, quality manager at Aker Yards Germany.

"We had massive productivity gains that could not be transformed into more production. We had to refuse contracts and lay off people essentially because of the state aid."

Tax money is no longer flowing into the two shipyards today. But it would not be needed. The production cap was lifted last year and Aker Yards Germany can hardly keep up with demand. The prosperous state of the German yards are a distant dream for their Polish counterparts, who are now spending as much timeworrying about the Commission as looking for new customers.

But with a government that has its roots in the Solidarity labour union, Poland will not give up its historic shipyards without a fight.

Source:By von Jan Cienski and Bertrand Benoit , ftd.de ,

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Carlsberg moves office work to Poland

Carlsberg Breweries continue the rationalizations and cost savings in Western Europe by establishing an office for accounting service in Poznan in Poland as of November 1.
»The workforce in Poland is very well-educated, the salary is lower, and the infrastructure is good in Poznan,« press officer Jens Peter Skaarup, Carlsberg, told the news agency Direkt.
Specifically, 40 positions from Carlsberg in Germany and 30 from Poland are moved to the new centre. On June 1, 2007, further 26 positions from Switzerland and in the third quarter 2007 26 positions from UK are moved to the new Poznan accounting service centre.
All units in Western Europe have been offered accounting service in Poland, but accounting is one of the areas where the individual country managements are masters in their own house.
»Of course, there is a financial upside in this re-positioning, but we’ll not tell how much,« Jens Peter Skaarup said. Direkt/BNS

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Metro in Poland: Warsaw Metro buys 16 new cars

Warsaw Metro company signed a deal with the Russian maunfacturer Metrowagonmash on supplying 16 new metro cars.
The cars will be used for extending the current fleet of Russia four-car trains.

Metrowagonmash was chosed in a tender procedure. The contract includes maintenance services and si worth USD 12.4m.

Warsaw Metro spent its own money on the investment. The first new cars will arrive in the beginning of 2007?

In April this year Warsaw Metro and Metrowagonmash signed a deal for 14 new cars. The 16 bought in October will enable to extend all trains to six cars.

The cars are scheduled to be delivered in 15 months.

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News Analysis: Democracy eluding newest EU members

The European Union's three newest members are in political and economic disarray, painful examples of the challenges faced by countries where traditions of parliamentary democracy and market economy are still struggling to take hold.
The result is that in Poland, the Czech Republic and Hungary, much-needed reforms have been delayed, according to the EU and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
Both institutions say that the three countries have yet to tackle pension and health systems that are running high deficits. With falling birth rates, they say, these problems will increase.
All three also must speed efforts to adopt the euro as their currency by introducing tighter fiscal and monetary measures, and accelerate investment of EU structural funds for improving the infrastructure and environment.
Poland's government is struggling to survive a no-confidence motion by the opposition Civic Platform on Tuesday.
Prime Minister Jarosław Kaczyński's conservative Law and Justice Party appeared determined to prevail.
"We have to see what happens in the coming hours," Joanna Zając, a spokeswoman for the government, said Monday. "We are expecting the opposition to try and call new elections through a no-confidence vote. Clearly, we want to muster enough parliamentary votes to defeat it."
The pro-business Civic Platform party, led by Donald Tusk, has outdistanced the nationalist-conservative government in recent opinion polls.
Similar political uncertainty is dogging the Czech Republic and Hungary, which joined the EU along with Poland in May 2004.
The Czech Republic has been without a government since June, when the two main parties, the Civic Democrats and the Social Democrats, won the same number of parliamentary seats. Since then, both parties has been able to attract the support of smaller partners to form a government, and have refused to establish a grand coalition.
In Hungary, the socialist government led by Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsany is battling to have his economic reform program accepted by the public and revive his political credibility. After admitting he lied to the electorate over the damage his party had done to the economy since coming to power in 2002, Gyurcsany has seen his popularity slump, and tens of thousands of demonstrators have poured into the streets demanding his ouster. Gyurcsany survived a no-confidence earlier this month but has failed to calm the controversy surrounding his leadership.
Kaczynski, a former leader of the independent Solidarity movement, said last week that early elections would "derail the government's efforts to clean up public life." So far, however, Law and Justice has had made little headway in implementing its two main electoral promises: a radical overhaul of the security and intelligence services - vestiges of communist rule - and a program to stamp out corruption.
Kaczynski has spent most of the past year trying to keep his small coalition together; it consists of the nationalist League of Polish Families and the leftist-populist Self Defense party led by Andrzej Lepper.
After Lepper repeatedly broke ranks with the government and made new demands as his price for staying in the coalition, Kaczynski fired him last month as deputy prime minister and dismissed Self Defense from the government.
Since then, Kaczynski has been unable to enact reforms or even next year's budget. With calls by Civic Platform for new elections, Kaczynski renewed contacts with Lepper - a move that analysts said they were not convinced would bring stability to the government, even if Lepper accepted.
They also say that despite the differences in personalities and leadership styles in Poland, the Czech Republic and Hungary, the two main political parties in each of these countries could break the deadlock by forming grand coalitions. But they say the main parties are unable to do so because of how they view compromise.
"The problem in the Czech Republic as in Poland is that neither side is prepared to make concessions," said Jan Kavan, a former Social Democratic Party legislator in the Czech Parliament and now adviser to the chairman of the foreign affairs committee. "Compromise is seen as tantamount to defeat. Yet when you think about it, 17 years since the collapse of the communist system is not a long time. It takes experience to create a culture of compromise."
George Schöpflin, a member of the European Parliament from Hungary's Fidesz party, said the heritage of communist regimes lingered.
"Everything was seen in terms of black and white. You are with us or against us," Schöpflin said. "The culture of compromise has not yet taken root in Hungary or indeed in the rest of Eastern Europe. There is still the politics of confrontation."
Source:By Judy Dempsey International Herald Tribune, iht.com

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Public Transport in Poland: Szczecin to buy 21 German trams

Szczecin city authorities signed a deal with Berlin's public transport company on buying 21 Tatra KT4Dt trams. The first units will arrive to Szczecin by the end of October.
Each of the trams costs approx. EUR 130 000.

The first two or four units will arrive to Szczecin by the end of October. They will start to operate by the end of November, after adjusting the electronic information tables and introducing autocomputers.

The trams are 20 years old, but in the mid 90s were thoroughly refurbished. And they are much more technologically advanced than the majority of Szczecin's current fleet. They will replace 20 of the oldest 102 N type trams.

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Polish central bank honors Pope John Paul II with special bank notes

Poland's central bank on Monday issued 2 million collectors' bank notes bearing the image of the late Pope John Paul II, marking the 28th anniversary of the late pontiff's election.
John Paul, born Karol Wojtyla in the Polish town of Wadowice, is revered in his homeland, where he helped to inspire the pro-democracy Solidarity movement in the 1980s.
The National Bank of Poland's special notes have a face value of 50 zlotys (US$16; €13), and sell for 90 zloty (US$29; €23).
The front of the bills features an image of John Paul II holding his crucifix-topped staff against a background of the world map.
On the back, John Paul is depicted kissing the hand of a Polish cardinal. The design includes a quote from the late pontiff: "There would not be a Polish pope at the Holy See if not for your faith, not backing down when faced with prison and suffering, your heroic hope."
Vuong Anh Toan, 39, who has lived in Poland since moving from Vietnam 10 years ago, bought three bills for his wife and son.
"I'm not a Catholic, my wife is, but I loved the pope," he said.
Andrzej Nowakowski, who also lined up at the central bank's headquarters in downtown Warsaw, snapped up six of the commemorative notes for his wife and grandsons because John Paul "was the greatest Pole."
John Paul was elected Pope Oct. 16, 1978. He died on April 2, 2005.
Last June, the national bank issued gold, silver and copper alloy commemorative coins of John Paul to coincide with the start of the beatification process for the late pontiff.
Source: International Herald Tribune, iht.com

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Alstom wins big Polish clean coal power station deal

French power station and high-speed train group Alstom said on Monday it had signed a contract for over 900 million euros ($1.13 billion) for a 833 MegaWatt turnkey clean coal power plant at Belchatow in Poland.

Alstom will be the integrator for the plant, which it says is the biggest power plant ever built in Poland.

It will design, build and commission the lignite-fired plant and manufacture and supply all the main equipment.

The plant has a scheduled operational start date in October 2010. It was ordered by Polish utility BOT Elektrownia Belchatow SA.


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Poland : Major sportswear reposition to integrate

On acquiring Reebok brand by the Polish subsidiary of sportswear company adidas, a decision was made to find a location to unite the whole business operation.

Currently adidas is based in the Kolmet Building, on ul. Jana Olbrachta, while Reebok is located in the Light Office Building on ul. Pulawska.

Adidas will now relocate its offices to the Kopernik IV Building, less than 3km from downtown Warsaw, on Aleje Jerozolimskie.

The new premises having 2,182 square meters will have its offices and showrooms of both Adidas and Reebok brands and the move is planned in ensuing months.
Source: fibre2fashion.com

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Poland: September inflation stable

Poland.s Central Statistical Office (GUS) today released the consumer price inflation numbers for September. Headline inflation eased a bit from August.s 0.3% m/m to 0.2% m/m in September. This number equates to 1.6% y/y . below the consensus forecast of 1.7% y/y and our forecast of 1.7% y/y.

Today.s stable outcome was a result of, on the one hand, falling transportation costs on the back of lower en-ergy prices in September, which pulled inflation down, and, on the other hand, higher food prices following the very hot summer in Europe that damaged crops and pushed inflation up. The sum of these effects was a slight fall in inflation compared to August.

The numbers come as a small surprise after the rise in inflation over the past couple months, and they should end speculation of a rate hike in October. The Polish central banker, Jan Czekaj, has confirmed our view, say-ing that, .The figures confirm what we have said for some time now . that there is no demand pressure. They (the numbers) do not really bring anything new to the monetary policy picture.. Further, he emphasised putting more weight on the monthly data in the central bank.s quarterly inflation projection due later this month. His remarks somewhat contradict statements earlier today by monetary council member (MCM) Halina Wasilewska-Trenkner, who said that inflation was on the rise, driven by rising wages, employment, con-sumer spending and credit. Another MCM, Miroslaw Pietrewicz, said after the release that .after the Sep-tember inflation data we can seriously think that inflation will not exceed 2.5 percent next year," and he con-tinued, .these figures show that there is no inflationary pressure in the economy. At the moment there is no justification for a change in monetary policy until the middle of next year..

However, we still expect inflation to increase over the coming months and we believe speculation of rate hikes will be back on the agenda again soon despite the fairly low reading in September.
Danske Bank A/S
Source:By Thomas Harr, Lars Christensen, Lars Rasmussen, fxstreet.com

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Poland's car production breaks record in September

More than 68,500 new cars were produced in Poland in September, up 20.4 percent year-on-year, setting a record over the past four years, Poland's Samar company monitoring the car market said on Thursday.

In the first three quarters of 2006, 528,809 cars were manufactured, up by more than 20 percent year-on-year. Among them, 3.7 percent were sold inside the country and 96.3 percent were exported, the company was quoted by the PAP news agency as saying.

The biggest car producer was Fiat with a market share of 46.5 percent. It was followed by Opel with 31.5 percent and Volkswagen with 14.8 percent.

In September, production of vans reached 10,182, a 33.8 percent rise year-on-year.

A total of 79,695 vans were produced in Poland during the first nine months of 2006, up 23 percent year-on-year. About 92.6 percent of the vans were exported.


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Poland compelled launching of the antidumping duties on the frozen strawberry from China

On the 10th of October European Commission took a decision to accede to the request of Union of Polish Deep Frozen Products' Producers and to clap temporary antidumping duties on import of frozen strawberry to EU countries. So, starting from the 18th of October frozen strawberry suppliers from China will pay 34.2% of antidumping duty in addition to the standard duty on import of frozen strawberry. The antidumping duty has been launched for 5 years.

Polish farmers, dealing with commercial cultivation of strawberry, felt serious business competition with China suppliers in 2004 for the first time. At that time, during the strawberry harvesting time in Poland the price on the frozen Chinese strawberry, delivered to EU, was about 0.6 EUR per kilo, when the production cost on strawberry cultivation in Poland at the same time was on about 0.55 EUR per kilo level, as estimated by analysts. Taking into account charges for freezing and delivery to EU, to compete with China, Polish producers had to sell strawberry with great losses for themselves. For example, in 2004 Polish exporters of frozen strawberry could not propose it to customers in the EU countries cheaper, than for 1 EUR per kilo.

The situation went worse in 2005, when Chinese suppliers began to supply frozen strawberry for 0.46 EUR per kilo already, herein that expenses for strawberry production in Poland grew highly. That situation led to substantial reduction of strawberry areas in Poland, which were traditionally the main strawberry supplies to the EU markets. With launching of the antidumping duties Polish producers hope to recapture the production profitability of this traditional for Poland berry and to increase its export to the markets of European Union.

Ukraine, which did not still saturated its market even with fresh strawberry, has not yet experienced the competition with China. Nevertheless, in recent years strawberry cultivation in Ukraine has been developing by high rates; and the interest to this berry continues to increase. In particular, every year several Ukrainian and foreign companies, which professionally deal with strawberry cultivation, announce about entrance to Ukrainian market. Notably, EKLAND MARKETING COMPANY, which deals with breeding, cultivation and supplies of heavy-productive varieties of strawberry nursery transplants in several countries of the world, will be the sponsor of the specialized strawberry cultivation forum during the third international conference "Fruits and vegetables of Ukraine - 2006.Open market". Besides, this company deals with marketable strawberry production. Beginning in 2007, the company plans to work actively on Ukrainian market. At that, foreign and native companies, specializing on berries cultivation, filed applications for participation at the conference.


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EU Commission vows solidarity with Poland amid political chaos

European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso brought a message of solidarity to Poland on Friday amid the Polish government's ongoing political crisis. "The EU is not them, the EU is us," he told reporters at a joint briefing in Warsaw with Poland's embattled right-wing Law and Justice (PiS) Prime Minister Jaroslaw Kaczynski.

The Polish leader has gained the reputation of being luke-warm on the EU in some quarter of the media due to his strong views on national sovereignty.

Barroso agave a loud vote of confidence to Poland's role in the European Union and urged "team spirit" among the bloc's 25 member states.

Originally from Portugal, Barroso also congratulated Poland for Wednesday's 2-1 victory over Portugal in an UEFA Euro 2008 football qualification match.

Kaczynski sent a strong pro-EU message insisting that Poland's EU entry in May 2004 had been a great success even in difficult areas like agriculture where there had been strong fears EU entry would destroy the sector.

Instead, the influx of EU direct agricultural subsidies had jump-started the modernisation process on old fashioned Polish farms, Kaczynski said.

Talks ahead of the EU's October 20 informal meeting of heads of state and government in Lahti, Finland focused on Poland's proposal for an energy security pact among EU states similar to NATO's 'one for all and all for one' strategy.

Other topics covered included future EU expansion, EU-Russia relations and the application of free-movement elements of the Schengen Treaty to the 10 states that joined the EU in May 2004. They are urging are the full implementation of the Schengen Treaty agreement on the free movement of citizens between EU states

Several of the 15 older EU states have, however, expressed reservations regarding the readiness of the newcomers to comply with Schengen rules and have suggested the implementation of the Treaty in these countries be postponed by one year to October 2008.

Barroso is due to meet with Prime Minister Kaczynski's identical twin brother, President Lech Kaczynski on Saturday.

The EU commission president's visit comes as Poland is in the grip of an extended government crisis.

Manoeuvring on Poland's chaotic political scene continued this week as a parliament voted to postpone a crucial vote determining the future of Kaczynski's beleaguered right-wing government.

It also became apparent this week Kaczynski was prepared to kiss and make up with the populist Samoobrona farmers' party in order to secure a parliamentary majority.

He abruptly ousted Samoobrona from a three-way majority coalition three weeks ago prompting a string of high-pitched political battles.

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Reading Chronicle launches in Poland

HIS week sees the launch of The Chronicle's first Polish edition and it would not have been possible without the translators and linguists Berkshire-based Prestige Network.

Prestige was established in 1991 by brother and sister Shawn Khorassoni and Shohreh Flemming, caters for all language and communications needs in the public sector including central and local government departments, the NHS, charities and the police.

The company has also built a reputation with high technology companies Apple, Microsoft and Quark who refer inquiries from their own customers.

Business development director, Mr Khorassani, 45, from Newbury, said: "This is a ground-breaking project and no mainline newspaper has created a supplement in another language.

"We are excited about it and we will be promoting this at our end.

"This idea will be capturing a bigger end of the market for people who don't speak English and yet they all have to contribute to society and the growth of the economy."

His 18-member team is based at Thatcham Business Village at Colthrop but Prestige has two other branches in London and Edinburgh.

Project manager Salome Wagh, 31, from Woodley, said: "We provide a range of 160 language services including dialects, which all include translation, interpreting, voiceovers, sub-titling and website localisation.

"We have a very large database of 3,000 linguists.

"When we get literature from our clients we try to see what the target audience is and who it is aimed for and, after proofing the copy in English, we send it to the relevant linguist.

"Once it is translated, we then check it against the original papers.

"Two translators are carrying out the work of translating the Reading Chronicle into the Polish language.

"There are different stories written by different reporters, so it will be nice to use a couple of translators to give a different flavour to each article."


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Eurocopter sells one EC135 and one EC145 in Poland's growing Corporate Helicopter Market

Eurocopter, through the company Heli Invest, its Warsaw-based representative in Poland, has recently signed two contracts - for the first EC135 and the first EC145 in Poland respectively. Both contracts were finalised with two important corporate customers in Poland. Due for delivery early next year, these two sales mark the entry of the company's advanced light twins in the Polish market, adding to the fleet of EC120 B and EC130 B4 helicopters (presently seven machines in total) already sold and operational in Poland. The fact that Heli Invest is also Eurocopter's certified maintenance and service centre in Poland encouraged the customers' decisions to opt for these two top-selling twin-engine helicopters.

The EC145 destined for Poland will be in a high-end configuration including dual/single-pilot IFR, glass cockpit and VIP interior, making full use of the aircraft's huge, unobstructed cabin which offers more usable space than any other helicopter in its class. The aircraft, which was selected by the U.S. Army for its Light Utility Helicopter (LUH) requirement earlier this year and of which more than 95 are already operational in emergency medical services and law enforcement/homeland security missions, enjoys growing acceptance in the corporate market with several EC145s already serving business clients.

The Polish corporate customer of this first EC145 is a Holding of multiple, associated companies requiring fast, reliable, comfortable and secure transport throughout Poland for their top management, taking advantage of both the VFR and IFR capabilities of the helicopter.

The other corporate aircraft for Poland is an EC135 of which more than 500 have already been delivered worldwide. Although the EC135's superb reputation was built on being the international reference helicopter for emergency medical services and law enforcement, 16 per cent of all deliveries to date were to the corporate market where the aircraft's quietness, comfort, high availability, low maintenance and reliability are much appreciated.

The first Polish corporate customer of EC135 too will take advantage of its VFR/IFR capabilities enabling him to execute daily flights between his different, "cross-country" business locations.

Eurocopter is also offering the EC135 for Poland's Ministry of Health project calling for 23 HEMS (Helicopter Emergency Medical Service) aircraft.

Heli Invest company was established as the Eurocopter maintenance and service centre in Warsaw in June 2005, and is a certified PART 145, PART M as well as TRTO/FTO organisation providing to customers a full range of services, such as Level 1 and 2 maintenance, upgrades, customization, training and technical support.

By: Eurocopter, epicos.com

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Disney Channel Launches in Poland

Disney Channel has signed a multi-year deal with CYFRA+ and Cyfrowy Polsat to bring Disney Channel for the first time to 1.3 million subscribers across Poland starting on December 2, 2006.

Programs that will be available include: live action series That's So Raven, The Suite Life of Zack & Cody and Hannah Montana; Disney Channel original movies, including High School Musical; animated series Kim Possible and American Dragon: Jake Long; learning-focused series for pre-schoolers; and Disney feature films.

“We are delighted that Disney Channel continues to extend its global reach and that children and families in Poland will be able to watch Disney Channel for the first time,” said John Hardie, EVP and managing director, Disney Channels EMEA. “With their expertise, our partners CYFRA+ and Cyfrowy Polsat offer us the opportunity to make Disney Channel the leading kids brand in Poland."

“We are delighted to be able to enrich our offering with the launch of Disney Channel, a brand well known to all Poles,” added Dominik Libicki, president and CEO, Cyfrowy Polsat S.A. “Disney Channel perfectly complements the family nature of our platform. Disney Channel is the third TV station we have recently launched as part of our basic Family Package at no additional cost to our subscribers.”

"CYFRA+ offers the richest satellite programming in the Polish market,” said Beata Ryczkowska, Executive Programming Director of CYFRA+. “We are pleased to add to our offer a worldwide family brand like Disney Channel, which will complement our existing portfolio of four kids channels. Disney Channel shall be included within the pricing of the existing packages."

Disney Channel will be broadcast on CYFRA+ channel 44 and Cyfrowy Polsat channel 39 and, for a promotional time only, on Channel 9. The programming will be localized for the market with dubbed materials and special interstitials.


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Poland is expanding the frozen produce export to Russian market

In the six months of 2006, Poland exported around 5,700 tons of frozen strawberries to Russia. So, the export of frozen strawberry from Poland to Russia increased 50% comparing to the same period of tine in 2005.

Due to such a rapid growth of Polish import, Russia has become the third largest purchaser of frozen strawberry in Poland; it follows Germany and Holland.


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